Who is Affected
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) occurs in children across ethnic, racial and socioeconomic groups. However, rates of autism are significantly higher in the United States than other developed countries. The United States as seen a steep increase in ASD over the past 17 years. The prevalence of autism in the U.S. increased by 119.4% from 2000 (1 in 150) to 2010 (1 in 68) and continues to grow today. The CDC has estimated that in the United States, an average of 1 in 45 children will have ASD. Additionally, children with autism are more likely to be boys with 1 in 4 children with autism being a boy.
Research continues investigate why the rate of autism is increasing from environmental factors to genetics though to date the cause of autism is unknown. What is known is that ASD is a neurological disorder that when treated in early childhood with ABA therapy can significantly decrease in it’s presentation of symptoms. Some studies have shown the loss of an autism diagnosis after intensive ABA treatment from 18 months to five years of age. While not all children will respond this positively to ABA treatment all children who have ABA treatment (implemented correctly) will have decreased symptoms of autism.